Mental Toughness

Mental Toughness refers to the ability to achieve personal goals in the face of pressure from a wide range of different stressors. IPEP has adopted a neuropsychological approach based on Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (which concerns our tendencies to be motivated by punishment versus reward) in order to better understand mental toughness and to help develop mentally tough behaviour in the military and in sport. 

Example Publications:

Beattie, S., Alqallaf, A., Hardy, L., & Ntoumanis, N. (2019). The Mediating Role of Training Behaviors on Self-Reported Mental Toughness and Mentally Tough Behavior in SwimmingSport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology8(2), 179-191.

Manley, H., Beattie, S., Roberts, R., Lawrence, G., & Hardy, L. (2018). The Benefit of Punishment Sensitivity On Motor Performance Under PressureJournal of Personality86(3), 339-352.

Beattie, S., Alqallaf, A., & Hardy, L. (2017). The effects of Punishment and Reward Sensitivities on Mental Toughness and Performance in SwimmingInternational Journal of Sport Psychology

Arthur, C. A., Fitzwater, J., Hardy, L. J., Beattie, S. J., & Bell, J. (2015). Development and Validation of a Military Training Mental Toughness InventoryMilitary Psychology27(4), 232-241.