Mental Toughness refers to the ability to achieve personal goals in the face of pressure from a wide range of different stressors. IPEP has adopted a neuropsychological approach based on Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (which concerns our tendencies to be motivated by punishment versus reward) in order to better understand mental toughness and to help develop mentally tough behaviour in the military and in sport.
Beattie, S., Alqallaf, A., Hardy, L., & Ntoumanis, N. (2019). The Mediating Role of Training Behaviors on Self-Reported Mental Toughness and Mentally Tough Behavior in Swimming. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology, 8(2), 179-191. https://doi.org/10.1037/spy0000146
Manley, H., Beattie, S., Roberts, R., Lawrence, G., & Hardy, L. (2018). The Benefit of Punishment Sensitivity On Motor Performance Under Pressure. Journal of Personality, 86(3), 339-352. https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12318
Beattie, S., Alqallaf, A., & Hardy, L. (2017). The effects of Punishment and Reward Sensitivities on Mental Toughness and Performance in Swimming. International Journal of Sport Psychology. https://doi.org/10.7352/IJSP.2017.48.246
Arthur, C. A., Fitzwater, J., Hardy, L. J., Beattie, S. J., & Bell, J. (2015). Development and Validation of a Military Training Mental Toughness Inventory. Military Psychology, 27(4), 232-241. https://doi.org/10.1037/mil0000074