Leadership is often cited as being highly influential in shaping people’s experiences. The leadership literature attests to the importance of leadership predicting outcomes across a variety of contexts (e.g., the military, organisational policy, the public sector, and business).

The importance of leadership as a predictor of outcomes has contributed to the development of many theories and models of leadership, e.g. relational based approaches, contingency based approaches, trait-based approaches, implicit leadership theory, path-goal theory of leadership, transformational leadership theory, and the leader-member exchange theory.

Transformational leadership theory has received much research attention in recent years, repeatedly demonstrating effectiveness follower outcome enhancement. Transformational leadership encourages followers to perform beyond their expectations.

Key publications

Mawn, L., Hardy, J., Callow, N, & Arthur, C. A. (2013). Lecturing in higher education: A transformational leadership perspective. Manuscript submitted for publication.

Smith, M. J., Arthur, C. A., Hardy, J., Callow, N., & Williams, D. (2013). Transformational leadership and task cohesion in sport: The mediating role of intrateam communication. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 249-257.

Hardy, L., Arthur, C. A., Jones, G., Shariff, A., Munnoch, K., Isaacs, I., & Allsopp, A. J. (2010). The relationship between transformational leadership behaviors, psychological, and training outcomes in elite military recruits. The Leadership Quarterly, 21, 20-32.
Callow, N., Smith, M. J., Hardy, L., Arthur, C. A., & Hardy, J. (2009). Measurement of transformational leadership and its relationship with team cohesion and performance level. Journal of Applied Sports Psychology, 21, 395-412.

Key Staff

Image of Nichola Callow

Image of James Hardy

Prof Lew Hardy

Prof Nichola Callow

Dr James Hardy


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Chin Wei Ong

Samantha McElligott

Peter Tomsett

Chin Wei Ong

Samantha McElligott