Self-confidence has been described as being a “fundamental requisite to sporting success” and has been shown to be one of the most influential cognitive determinents of performance (Beattie et al.,2010). Research in IPEP has focussed on a number of key aspects that determine the positive inlfuence that self-confidence has. For example, Hardy et al. (2004) demonstrated that self-confidence can protect against the negative effects of anxiety upon perofrmance. Beattie et al. demonstrated that individuals with high levels of robust confidence beliefs can maintain their self-confidence after poor performances. However, a darker side to self-confidence may exist where higher levels of confidence may lead to a withdrawal of effort and hence lower performance standards (Beattie et al., 2011, 2014).

Key publications

Beattie, S., Fakehy, M., & Woodman, T. (2014). Examining the moderating effects of time on task and task complexity on the within person self-efficacy and performance relationship. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15, 605-610.

Beattie, S., Lief, D., Adamoulas, M., & Oliver, E. (2011). Self-efficacy and performance: Investigating the possible negative effects of self-efficacy upon golf putting performance. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 12, 434-441.

Beattie, S., Hardy, L., Savage, J., Woodman, T., & Callow, N. (2010). Development and validation of a trait measure of robustness of self-confidence. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 12, 184-191.

Woodman, T., Akehurst, S., & Hardy, L., & Beattie, S. (2010). Self-confidence and performance: A little self-doubt helps. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 11, 467- 470.
Beattie, S. & Davies, M. (2010). Self-efficacy and performance: A test of engagement vs. disengagement in catastrophe models. British Journal of Psychology, 101, 361-371.

Beattie, S., Hardy, L., & Woodman, T. (2004). Pre-competition self-confidence: the role of the self. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology26, 427-441.

Hardy, L., Woodman, T., & Carrington, S. (2004). Is self-confidence a bias factor in higher-order catastrophe models? An exploratory analysis. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 26, 359-368.

Key Staff

Prof Tim Woodman

Dr Stuart Beattie

Prof Lew Hardy


Chelsey Dempsey

No image available at present


Chelsey Dempsey

Ahmad Fakehy (completed)